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Antelope Valley TreeFarm  
Shade Trees in The US

 


Autumn colors


Beech, American
Native from Ontario, south to Florida and Texas. Slow to medium growth to 50-70 ft. Dense, pyramidal growth. Likes moist , well drained soil. Silvery green leaves changing to dark green in summer. Fall color is golden bronze. GOOD FOR WILDLIFE.

Sycamore, American
A massive shade tree, growing 75 to 100 ft. with a wide, spreading crown. Bark peels in thin, irregular patches giving a white appearance to the trunk. Likes moist soil and does well along streams. Hardy from Massachusetts to North Florida.


Autumn colors

Gum, Black
Also known as Black Tupelo. Native to eastern United States. An excellent ornamental tree. Pyramidal growth habit, narrow, pointed, dark green leaves turn shades of brilliant red, yellow-orange and scarlet-purple in fall. Small white flowers in summer, cherry size blue fruit in fall. Grows in any soil and withstands swampy conditions. Height to 80 ft. Not well known, unfortunately, but one of the best for bright fall color. GOOD WETLAND SPECIES.


Autumn colors


Black Oak
Height 50-60 ft. Grows best in rich, moist, well drained soil but will tolerate poor dry soil. Oval leaves are lustrous dark green. Bark is reddish-brown mottled with gray. Native Eastern to Mid U.S.


Bur Oak
Growth to 75 ft. One of the most distinctive eastern oaks. Its peculiarly shaped leaves, fringed acorns, and corky twigs make it a unique ornamental tree in addition to its value as a timber producer. Will make satisfactory growth on poor, dry, clay soils, and its resistance to smoke and gas injury further increases its value as an ornamental. Fall color red to rust


Chestnut Oak
Also known as Rock Oak and Basket Oak. Native from S. Maine to South Carolina. Height and spread to 60 ft. Growth habit is rounded and fairly dense. Leaves are a lustrous dark yellowish-green spring and summer, changing to orange, yellow and brown in fall. Can tolerate poor, dry rocky soil. Can grow to 15 ft. in 7 to 10 years. Acorns are rich dark brown with a very sweet taste. RELISHED BY SQUIRRELS, DEER AND OTHER WILDLIFE.


English Oak
Native tree with medium growth to 75 ft. in height and spread. Deeply cut, fern-like leaves. Foliage is green, spring through fall. This oak transplants easily. It is tolerant of salt and air pollution. It is a fine specimen tree for the home landscape, park, and golf course. English Oaks also make good street trees.


Ginkgo
Also called Maidenhair tree. Grows: 40-50 ft.. Fan-shaped leaves turn clear yellow in fall. Grows best in well drained soil, full sun. This tree is becoming more common as a specimen plant and along streets and highways. Slow growth will not get out of bounds and interfere with power lines, etc. It has a very picturesque, wide spreading, open habit. Ginkgo is not infested with any insect or disease. This tree takes about 30 years to produce fruit. Therefore, we cannot distinguish between male and female plants. If you have a female Ginkgo in your yard, you should rake up the fruit as it falls, as it can produce an unpleasant odor if left to rot.


Green Ash
Fast growth to 60 ft. Bright green leaves turn yellowing fall. Grows best in well drained soil. Once established will in dry, sterile soil. Valued as an ornamental because of its bright green color and its dense and mounded growth habit. The most widely distributed Ash in North America.


Thornless Honeylocust
Grows to 100 ft. Fine textured leaves. Grows well in any type of soil. A superb tree for withstanding city conditions. This tree is tolerant of roadway salt. A small percentage may have thorns. Very popular as a shade tree because leaves are so fine. They break up as they fall, thus eliminating leaf raking


Poplar, Hybrid for fast shade tree (Mojave, Siouxland)
Extremely fast growth to 80 ft. Crown spreads to 30 ft. Should grow 5-8 ft. per yr. Dark green leaves, spring through fall. Long lived: 35 to 50 years. Planting site should be kept mowed and weed free. Plant 50 ft. away from drains and sewers. This clone is disease and insect resistant. Hardy from 20 below zero.

 


Poplar, Hybrid for screens and windbreaks Populus Nigra (Italica)  Lombardy Poplar
Extremely fast growth to 60 ft. Narrow crown spreads 15-20 ft. Should grow 5-8 ft. per year. Large, maroon leaves in spring, changing to dark green with red veins. Space trees 8 ft. apart, 5 ft. between rows for thicker screen. Planting site should be weed free. Plant 50 ft. away from drains and sewers. Long lived, 35 to 50 years. This clone is disease and insect resistant. Beautiful columnar tree.


Japanese Pagodatree
A very ornamental tree because of its large clusters of yellowish pealike flowers that appear in August. The yellow pods which follow the flowers frequently remain on the tree all winter, adding to its ornamental value. Dark green leaves, an open, wide branching, rounded growth habit. Height to 75 ft. This is a good shade and street tree. Very tolerant of smog and city conditions.


Birch, Jacquemonti White
Also known as White Bark Himalayan Birch. This variety is without a doubt, the most beautiful and spectacular of all the Birches. Thin, peeling bark is as white as new snow, contrasted by very dark green leaves, which turn a deep golden in fall. Trunks are perfectly straight, topped with a very uniform and symmetrical pyramidal crown. This tree works fine as a single specimen or planted in groups. Due to its uniformity of growth, it is an ideal choice for use as a street tree or lining a drive. Height to 60 ft. These trees are propagated by cuttings, and therefore are all true to name.


Maple, Norway
Grows to 40-50 ft., occasionally over 60 ft. Small conspicuous yellow flowers appear in the spring before the very dense, bright green foliage. Fall color is bright yellow. This is one of the most popular ornamental and street trees because of its densely branched, round-headed form, and its ability to withstand city growing conditions.


Birch, Paper White
Often known as Canoe Birch. Leaves are larger than those of European Birch. Grows to 90 ft. Open green foliage turns bright yellow in fall. The bark, which turns snow white, peels off in paper-thin sheets. Grows best in cool, moist localities. Can tolerate wet conditions such as along stream banks, and lakes. Most popular birch for ornamental use because of its good foliage, fall color and white bark. It is less susceptible to insects and disease. Bark should turn white in 4 to 6 years. Plant 3 to 5 seedlings together to create a clump.


Autumn colors


Oak, Pin
Native tree with fast growth to 75 ft. in good soil. Fine textured leaves are deeply cut and assume a red autumn color. Leaves hang on longer than any other hardwood in the winter. The upper branches are upright, the middle branches are horizontal and the lower branches are pendulous, giving this tree a beautiful and graceful pyramidal outline. A good choice for wetland plantings. Acorns are good wildlife food. Makes an excellent specimen as a lawn tree. Pin Oaks are particularly good trees to use for lining both sides of a drive or street, as they hold their leaves almost until spring, the branches and foliage create a natural canopy.


Autumn colors


Oak, Red
Fast growth to 75 ft. Its dense, lustrous green foliage turns a deep red in the fall. Grows best in sandy to rich loamy soil in full sun. The fastest growing of all oaks. One of the most popular ornamental oaks. It transplants easily, withstands city conditions, is clean in habit and makes one of the best street or avenue trees we have. Red Oak is tolerant of urban conditions; i.e., salt, ozone and sulphur dioxide. A wetland species. Native to Eastern to mid-U.S. Very valuable as a timber tree.


Autumn colors


Maple, Red
Scarlet or Swamp Maple. Fast growth to 120 ft. Highly prized because of its bright red flowers in early spring before leaves appear. Bright green leaves turn brilliant red or orange in fall. An excellent wetland species. Can tolerate wet, swampy soil conditions. Native to Eastern


Autumn colors


Sassafras
An easily recognized tree because of its irregularly shaped leaves which look like one or two fingered mittens. Foliage is green spring through summer, turning brilliant orange to scarlet in fall. A native to northeastern United States. A bluish-black berry appears in fall, providing FOOD FOR WILDLIFE. Will grow in poor, gravelly dry soil conditions. As this tree will get fairly large. Height 30-60 ft. Give it plenty of room to grow. It makes an excellent screening tree or a nice back drop behind lower growing evergreens. For screen, space 15 ft. apart. Be sure to plant this where you want it, as it does not transplant easily, due to its extremely fast growth and long root.

 


Autumn colors


Birch, Sweet
Also known as Black or Cherry Birch. It is called Sweet Birch due to its peppermint-like taste and aroma when twigs are broken or crushed. Fast growth to 60 ft. This tree is native to eastern United States from Maine to Georgia. Growth habit is dense and round topped. Smooth, cherry-like bark is reddish-brown to black. The best of all the birches for its bright golden yellow fall color. Very good for naturalizing.

 


Autumn colors


Oak, Scarlet
Grows 50-75 ft.; 1-3 ft. in diameter, with an irregular spreading crown. Leaves are same size as Red Oak, but turn are brighter scarlet in fall. Likes loamy, well drained soil. Excellent for ornamental and street plantings.


Oak, Shingle
One of the most beautiful of the oaks. Lustrous, dark green leaves are the size and shape of Mt. Laurel. Fall color is rich yellow to russet. Leaves often hang on all winter. This tree can be sheared heavily to form a thick hedge or windbreak, space 10 ft. apart. Native to the Ohio Valley. Should grow to 75 ft. if not sheared back.


Autumn colors


Maple, Sugar
Native to Northeastern U.S. Mature trees provide sugar products from sap in the spring. Brilliant yellow, burnt orange and limited red tones in fall. Height to 75 ft. A good timber tree. Does not do well in wet area


Canoe Birch
Often known as Canoe Birch. Leaves are larger than those of European Birch. Grows to 90 ft. Open green foliage turns bright yellow in fall. The bark, which turns snow white, peels off in paper-thin sheets. Grows best in cool, moist localities. Can tolerate wet conditions such as along stream banks, and lakes. Most popular birch for ornamental use because of its good foliage, fall color and white bark. It is less susceptible to insects and disease. Bark should turn white in 4 to 6 years. Plant 3 to 5 seedlings together to create a clump.


Autumn colors


Gum, American Sweet
An excellent specimen or street tree, if not used under utility lines. Height: to 100 ft. Growth habit is broadly pyramidal, very symmetrical. Prized for its dense, star shaped leaves, which turn bright scarlet in fall.


Autumn colors


Maple, Silver
Very fast growth to 120 ft. Deeply lobed leaves are bright green above and silvery white beneath, turning clear yellow in the fall. Grows fastest in moist, rich, well drained soil. A wide spreading tree with arching to pendulous branches. A very popular shade tree because of its fast growth and graceful habit. The best tree for quick shade.

 


Autumn colors


Ash, White
Vigorous growth to 50 ft. Upright oval growth habit. Green leaves in summer, changing to purple, orange-yellow in fall. Tolerates poor soil, dry conditions. Native to Eastern U.S.


Oak, White
Grows to 90 ft.. Dense foliage is bluish-green, to reddish-brown in fall. Grows best in a deep, loamy, well drained soil. Tree from which the phrase The Mighty Oak was coined. Known for their broad, round head and massive, wide spreading branches. An excellent specimen tree needing plenty of room to mature properly. Also the most prolific lumber oak in the Northern Hemisphere. Advantages of White Oak are that they are easily transplanted when young and they have a high resistance to ice breakage and oak wilt. Also, a good tolerance of highway salt. They are a long lived tree and require very little maintenance. Native to Eastern to mid-U.S.

 


Oak, Willow
The Willow Oak has the finest foliage texture of any of the oaks. Leaves are narrow and pointed at both ends much like a Willow. Growth habit is round topped to conical with dense branching. Height to 50 ft. Fall color: yellow. Native to the Eastern seaboard and Gulf states. Widely used as an ornamental and/or street tree. Transplants easily due to its shallow root system.

 

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